Stream-Ripping: Vietnam and the Battle Against Online Content Piracy

Did you know that every time you download music or videos from YouTube using unofficial tools, you are participating in potential copyright infringement? This behavior, which extends from music to videos to TV shows downloaded without the copyright owner’s permission, not only violates the law but also seriously affects the revenue and creativity of artists. Known as “Stream ripping”, this practice of copying online content is not only popular in Vietnam but is also considered one of the biggest challenges facing the global entertainment industry. The negative impacts of online content piracy on artists and content creators can be severe...

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PaaS: Piracy as a Service

"PaaS" stands for "Piracy as a Service." This is a play on the more common term "Platform as a Service" in the technology industry, which refers to providing a platform allowing customers to develop, run, and manage applications without the complexity of building and maintaining the infrastructure typically associated with developing and launching an app. "Piracy as a Service" refers to services or platforms that facilitate or enable piracy by providing the necessary infrastructure, technology, and often a vast library of unauthorized digital content like movies, TV shows, or software. These platforms make it easy for other websites or end users...

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Safe habors

In the context of copyright law, "safe harbors" refer to legal provisions that provide immunity or protection to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and other online intermediaries from liability for the copyright infringement activities of their users, as long as the intermediaries meet certain specified conditions. These provisions are designed to balance the rights of copyright holders with the practicalities of online service operation, enabling the digital economy to flourish while also protecting intellectual property rights. To qualify for safe harbor protection, ISPs and other intermediaries generally must: [1] Not have actual knowledge of the infringing activity or, in cases where they do...

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Geoblocking – What It Is and Why it Matters

[vc_row triangle_shape="no"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Geoblocking is the practice of restricting access to internet content based on a user's geographical location. This is typically achieved by using technology to determine the user's IP address, which identifies the country or region from which they are accessing the internet. With this information, content providers can then either allow or deny access to specific content. 1. Geoblocking: What Is It Used For?[/vc_column_text][vc_empty_space height="15px"][vc_column_text] Legal compliance: Some content may be restricted in specific regions due to copyright laws or local regulations. For example, a movie might be copyrighted and only permitted for viewing in certain countries. Business Strategy: Companies...

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Exploring Pre-Release Leaks: What They Are and Why They Matter

The term "pre-release leaks" refers to unauthorized releases of music or other media before the official release date set by the publisher or artist. These leaks can occur through various channels and often involve digital files being made available online without permission. This allows consumers to access and distribute new music before it is officially released, often harming sales and disrupting marketing plans. Pre-release leaks are considered a serious issue within the music and entertainment industries, as they undermine the controlled release strategies meant to maximize media exposure and revenue....

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Proving Originality Of An Applied-Art Work Or A Logo: Why Is It Challenging and What To Do?

When opposing or requesting the invalidation of a third party's trademark registration on the grounds that the trademark is a copy or contains a copy of a work protected by rights under Article 73.7 of the Intellectual Property Law (IP Law), or requesting administrative handling copyright infringement, you may face a counter-statement that your logo lacks “originality” - one critical requirement to enable your logo to qualify copyright protection. Such claims can include arguments that your logo is composed of common, generic, or widely used elements that do not meet the threshold of originality – it lacks distinctiveness, meaning it...

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Law vs. Reality: The Hurdles of Pursuing Damages in Vietnamese Copyright Infringement Cases

Download The transfer price of intellectual property (IP) rights is one of the legal bases specified in Article 205.1(b) of the Vietnam IP Law to determine compensation claims in IP disputes. However, in a recent notable IP infringement case, both levels of court - first instance and appellate court - simultaneously rejected a claim for compensation based on the "transfer price" of IP rights. The case not only sparked endless debates about the complexity of the legal process, but also highlighted a significant challenge in determining the basis and method for Courts to assess and award compensation in IP disputes. Why is...

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How Does Vietnam’s IP Law Need To Provide For AI Generated Works?

Download In the rapidly evolving digital age, the intersection of artificial intelligence (AI) and creative processes presents a unique challenge to traditional notions of copyright. As AI advances with increasingly sophisticated capabilities, it has become a critical component in generating diverse forms of content. In this context, a series of questions arise, requiring deep consideration as to whether works created by AI are eligible for copyright protection. Lawmakers and law enforcement agencies are faced with the necessary task of considering a series of aspects: from determining the originality and copyright status of such works, to the extent of creative input from...

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Takedown Notices: How Do ISPs Handle Copyright Infringement Claims in Vietnam?

Download The landscape of intellectual property rights in Vietnam underwent a significant transformation with the third revision of the Intellectual Property Law in 2022. Among the notable provisions, Article 198b introduced a groundbreaking regulation holding Intermediary Service Providers (ISPs) legally responsible for copyright and related rights infringements by their platform users. Subsequently, on April 26, 2023, the Vietnamese government issued Decree No. 17/2023/NĐ-CP, providing detailed measures to implement the Intellectual Property Law regarding copyright and related rights. 1. Responsibilities of Intermediary Service Providers Upon receiving a removal or blocking request, often in the form of a Cease & Desist Letter, from a copyright...

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An Award of Nearly VND 5 Billion for Copyright Infringement in Vietnam: What Lessons to Be Learned?

Download The copyright infringement case involving a substantial amount of nearly 5 billion VND (approx. USD 218,000) has garnered significant public attention and caught the interest of intellectual property rights holders. The trial took place in August 2022 at the People's Court of Binh Duong province. In this case, the defendant was ordered to compensate a substantial amount of nearly 5 billion VND. The compensation stemmed from the defendant's unauthorized installation of design software by their employees, thereby infringing upon the plaintiff's copyright ownership. The first-instance judgment ruled in favor of the plaintiff, who was the rightful owner of the copyright....

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